Mahshid Aryanpur1, Mohammad Reza
Masjedi1, Esmaeil Mortaz1, Zahra Hessami1, Mohammad Reza
Heydari1, Mostafa Hossei2, Hooman Sharifi1, Masoud
Baikpour2 and Payam Tabarsi1
Prevention and Control Research Center, National Research Institute of
Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of
Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran, 2Department
of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health and
Institute of Public Health Research, Tehran University of Medical
Sciences, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran
Association between pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) and tobacco smoke has
been verified by most studies on this matter, but various figures have
been reported from different countries regarding the prevalence of
smoking among PTB patients.
We aimed to evaluate the smoking prevalence in these patients and its
effective factors in Iran.
this cross-sectional study subjects were included through a multi-stage
cluster sampling method during 2012-2014 on a first-come, first-served
basis from the newly-diagnosed PTB patients. Data collection was
performed via face-to-face interviews and a questionnaire with
enquiries on smoking habits.
this survey 1127 newly-diagnosed PTB patients were included whose mean
age was 49.97?19.82 years. 228 subjects (20.2%) stated daily
smoking, 20 (1.8%) stated occasional smoking and 93 (8.9%) had quitted
before the time of diagnosis. Moreover, simultaneous drug abuse
(P<0.001, OR=75.21), increasing age (P=0.001), being single
(P<0.001, OR=16.95), Iranian nationality (P<0.001,
OR=6.26) and living in rural areas (P<0.001, OR=5.85) were found
to be independent risk factors for smoking in these patients.
Considering the association between TB and smoking, the alarmingly
higher prevalence of smoking among newly-diagnosed PTB patients
compared to the normal population warrants inclusion of smoking
cessation plans in TB control programs.