Influence of tabacco smoking on asthma control
Angelica Tiotiu1, Nathalie Wirth1 and Yves Martinet1
In asthmatics patients, tabacco smoking is associated with accelerated decline in pulmonary function, poor disease control and reduced responsiveness to corticosteroids.
Our objective was to compare asthma control efficiency in a population of asthmatic patients according to smoking status.
We compared 3 equal groups of 30 asthmatics patients: group 1 never smokers, group 2 former smokers and group 3 current smokers. We collected demographic, clinical data, hospital anxiety/depression (HAD) score, functional respiratory data and asthma control scores (ACQ6) for all patients.
In conclusion, current smokers had underestimated dyspnea, lower anxiety, and poorer asthma control than nonsmokers or former smokers. These observations stress the importance of smoking cessation to help achieve asthma control.
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