Short-Term Prognosis of Sensitizer-Induced Occupational Asthma
Introduction: Prognosis of occupational asthma patients is not fully known.
Aims and objectives: We evaluated the work status, exposure to the asthma-causing occupational agent and asthma control about half a year after the occupational asthma diagnosis.
Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the patient files of the occupational asthma cases verified with specific inhalation challenge in the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health during 2011-2015. The patients who attended a control visit six months after the diagnosis were included. Asthma symptoms and results of histamine challenge and fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) were evaluated during the diagnosis and at the control visit.
Conclusions: Our results suggest that occupational asthma patients need more support to remain in work life after the diagnosis, because 1/4 of them were not working or attending retraining program half a year after the diagnosis. In a short follow-up we did not find differences in asthma control between unexposed patients and those with continuing exposure.
Hille Suojalehto, Pirjo HöLttä and Irmeli Lindström